Although aesthetic surgery constitutes the majority of plastic surgery, reconstructive surgery, hand surgery, craniofacial surgery, micro surgery and burn treatment are also included in the field of plastic surgery. Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery is a medical unit that provides services for the treatment of both congenital and acquired aesthetic, shape and function disorders. Specialist plastic surgeons respond to aesthetic interventions such as facial deformities, cleft lip and palate in infants, deformities of the jaw and facial bones, breast aesthetic operations, as well as deformities of the genital organs, repair of severed limbs. Reconstructive surgery involves the repair of all acquired or congenital tissue and organ loss affecting the skin, subcutaneous tissue and bones on the body surface.
Aesthetic (cosmetic) surgery, on the other hand, includes surgeries and interventions performed to further beautify and perfect the body appearance. The main aim here is beauty and aesthetic concerns rather than a medical problem.
Plastic surgery is a broad discipline covering all these areas. During plastic surgery specialty training, aesthetic (cosmetic) surgery training is also given. Aesthetic concerns may sometimes present diseases that are accompanied by medical problems other than just beauty. Accordingly, in addition to aesthetic correction of an organ, it is also very important to preserve its function.